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  » Timisoara Municipality

Timisoara municipality, documentarily attested of over 730years, the capital of Timis County, located in Campia Timisului (Timis Plain); Timis Plain is crossed by Bega and Timis Rivers, whose presence has influenced over the time the evolution of the town from the Citadel  fortified with walls, bastions, fosses and vallums. Timisoara is the third city of Romania with a population of 317,660 inhabitants (2002).

 Timisoara municipality, documentarily attested of over 730years, the capital of Timis County, located in Campia Timisului (Timis Plain); Timis Plain is crossed by Bega and Timis Rivers, whose presence has influenced over the time the evolution of the town from the Citadel  fortified with walls, bastions, fosses and vallums. Known as Citadel (ever since 1212) - Castrum Temesiense - located at the crossroad of the military and trade roads, becoming a main target of the dispute between the Turks and the Austrians and later on, coveted by the Hungarian bourgeoisie and aristocracy -  Timisoara developed as a town around the fortified nucleus starting from the 18th century. In the period 1315-1323, King Charles Robert of Anjou establishes his royal residence at Timisoara citadel. 

In 1781, Timisoara was granted privileges and was declared a free town, the credential document containing the acknowledgement of the coat of arms and of the seal. The coat of arms is divided by a horizontal line into two parts, the upper one being divided in its turn, by a vertical line. The upper left half comprises four silvery bands within a bloody plain, symbolizing the four main rivers which cross Hungary. In the right half, on a golden background, it is presented, on a green base, the former water tower of Timisoara citadel, and through its open gate, one can see a mill wheel.  





 

stema timisoarei

Populație
- 317660 (2002)
- 334115 (1992)
Densitate
2452/kmp
Localizare
45°44'58"N, 21°13'38"E
Distanțe
- 550km București
- 170km Belgrad
- 300km Budapesta
Suprafața
- total: 12.926,83 ha
- agricol:
7902,61 ha
Relief
- câmpie cu variații de max. 2-3m
- canalul artificial Bega
-
centru seismic destul de activ (max 6 pe scara Richter
Numele municipiului
- Zambara (Zurobara)
- Tibiscum (Tibisis)
- Beguey (până la 1212)
- Temesiensis
- Temesvár
- Temeswar (Temeschburg)
- Temesburg
- Timičvár
- Temičvar
- Timișoara
Orașe înfrățite
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